Fibres and textiles are used in the four key textile industries of technical textiles, sports textiles, automotive and interiors. The global fiber production reached 109 million tonnes in 2020 and almost 73 % from this belongs to fibres produced based on natural or synthetic polymers (plastics) and are called man-made fibers. These are however dependent on synthetic polymers produced from fossil based raw materials, which raises questions about their sustainability and end-of-cycle options. Polymers based on renewable raw materials can be an alternative to these synthetic polymers.
The aim of the BioBase project is to establish bio-based polymers in the textile industry and to demonstrate their full potential. Four sectors of the textile industry in Germany are selected for this purpose: automotive, sportswear, interiors and technical textiles. Our goal is to replace a petroleum-based product in each sector by a biobased polymer.
In the first step of the project, a database was created based on market study on the biopolymers and the biopolymer available in the market. Currently these biopolymers are being melt spun and the aim is to achieve a technological leap from Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 4 to TRL 6 – 7. The polymers, yarns and textile surfaces are being developed in an application-oriented manner and with regard to technical requirements in the industries.
The work is being carried out in cooperation with research institutions and industrial partners. Several demonstrators are being created as a part of the project, which can have a lighthouse effect for the German bioeconomy and demonstrate the potential of the biobased polymers in the textile field. Within the project, further research and development potential for the BIOTEXFUTURE innovation area will be identified. These can be implemented in further sub-projects of the innovation space.
- Naveen Kumar Balakrishnan, M. Tech (email@example.com)
- Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Gunnar Seide (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung – BMBF